Scientific name: Malus domestica
The apple is a fleshy fruit from the apple tree. The apple is one of the most grown tree fruits. It is grown in orchards.Delicious and crunchy, apple fruit is one of the most popular and favorite fruits among the health conscious, fitness lovers who firmly believe in the concept of “health is wealth” or “an apple a day keeps the doctor away.”
Amount Per 100 grams Calories 52 % Daily Value* Total Fat 0.2 g 0% Saturated fat 0 g 0% Polyunsaturated fat 0.1 g Monounsaturated fat 0 g Cholesterol 0 mg 0% Sodium 1 mg 0% Potassium 107 mg 3% Total Carbohydrate 14 g 4% Dietary fiber 2.4 g 9% Sugar 10 g Protein 0.3 g 0% Vitamin A 1% Vitamin C 7% Calcium 0% Iron 0% Vitamin D 0% Vitamin B-6 0% Vitamin B-12 0% Magnesium 1%
– Apples carry a small amount of minerals like potassium, phosphorus, and calcium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids helps controlling heart rate and blood pressure; thus, counters the bad influences of sodium.
– Delicious and crunchy apple fruit has list of phtyto-nutrients and anti-oxidants. Studies comes up with the fact that its components are essential for optimal growth, development, and overall wellness.
– Apples are low in calories; 100 g of fresh fruit slices provide just 50 calories. They, however, contain no saturated fats or cholesterol.
– Nonetheless, the fruit is rich in dietary fiber, which helps prevent absorption of dietary-LDL or bad cholesterol in the gut.
– The fiber also saves the colon mucous membrane from exposure to toxic substances by binding to cancer-causing chemicals inside the colon.
– Apples are rich in antioxidant phyto-nutrients flavonoids and polyphenolics.
– The total measured anti-oxidant strength (ORAC value) of 100 g apple fruit is 5900 TE.
– Some of the important flavonoids in apples are quercetin, epicatechin, and procyanidin B2.
– Additionally, they are also good in tartaric acid that gives tart flavor to them. Altogether, these compounds help the body protect from deleterious effects of free radicals.
– Apple fruit contains good quantities of vitamin-C and beta-carotene. Vitamin C is a powerful natural antioxidant. Consumption of foods rich in vitamin C helps the body develop resistance against infectious agents and scavenge harmful, pro-inflammatory free radicals from the body.
– Further, apple fruit is a good source of B-complex vitamins such as riboflavin, thiamin, and pyridoxine (vitamin B-6). Together, these vitamins help as co-factors for enzymes in metabolism as well as in various synthetic functions inside the human body.
Varieties of apples: There are lots of different varieties of apples, including:
Golden Delicious (sometimes called a Green Delicious Apple)
Cox’s Orange Pippin